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Mosquito Bites


1.     Why do I get a bump when Im bitten by a mosquito?

The female mosquito bites with her mouth and the saliva released causes the bodys immune system to react often causing itching, redness, warmth in a localized area of the body. One mosquito can bite multiple times.


2.     How do I prevent mosquito bites?

The best way to avoid mosquito bites is to use insect repellent if outside at dawn or dusk. Insect repellents with 30 percent DEET are the most effective. Also avoid wear strong smelling perfumes, soap, shampoo and deodorant that may attract mosquitos. Wear long sleeve and long pants, light colored clothing and avoid stagnant water which can be a breeding ground for mosquitos.


3.      How to apply insect repellent?

Insect repellent should be applied in a light layer covering exposed skin including face and may be sprayed on top of clothing. Do not spray directly to the face, spray repellent in hands apply thin film to face, then wash your hands. Make sure you spray in a well-ventilated area. Wash off body with soap and water when repellent is no longer needed.


4.  What if I am using insect repellent and sunscreen, how do I apply?

If sunscreen and insect repellent are both used, use sunscreen first, then apply insect repellent on top.


5.  How often do I need to re-apply?

Reapplication is only necessary after swimming, sweating excessively or washing off insect repellent.


6.  Are there any natural insect repellent?

Some people may use oil of eucalyptus, citronella candles, botanical oils with cinnamon, peppermint, basil, sandalwood, lemongrass or lavender. These are not as effective as DEET and may offer limited protection.


7.  Are they any other ways to protect if going camping or hiking?

Yes, some hikers will treat their clothing in permethrin-soaked clothing.


8.  Do mosquitos carry any disease?

Mosquitos can carry diseases in the U.S. such as West Nile virus, zika, St. Louis Encephalitis and have been known to cause Eastern Equine Encephalitis among other illnesses. Check with the local health department.


9.  How area mosquito bites treated?

Mosquito bites are usually treated with an oral antihistamine, such as Benadryl, cool damp wash cloth and Hydrocortisone 1% may relieve itching.


Bee Stings


1.     Why do I get a bump when stung by a bee?

Bees use the stinger to inject a venom using causing a sharp painful area of redness, warmth and swelling in a localized area. Some people can be allergic to bee venom it could cause a severe reaction.


2.  What should I do if I am stung by a bee?

Remove the stinger immediately, apply ice pack or cold moist towel. Motrin is often used for pain. An antihistamine such as Benadryl is often used for itching.


3. Are bee stings dangerous?

Bee stings can an allergic reaction in some people. They may develop symptoms such as generalized hives, stomach cramps, vomiting, diarrhea, cough, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing hoarse voice, light headed or dizziness. Call 9-1-1 immediately.


4. How do I know if I am allergic to bee stings?

If you previously had an allergic reaction to a bee sting, allergy testing can be done.





Copyright 2019 by [The Sojourner's Truth]. All rights reserved.
Revised: 10/01/20 10:52:47 -0400.

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